Erik the Red Thorvaldsson
A serious quarrel erupted between Erik the Red-haired and his neighbours on
Iceland. In the fight that followed, Erik was responsible for the death of two
men. He was convicted of manslaughter, pronounced an outlaw, and exiled from
Iceland for three years. To stay meant possible death as, once convicted, anyone
on Iceland was allowed to legally kill him. In 980-81, Eric therefore
decided to explore land sighted by his friend Gunnbj÷rn ┌lfsson to the west of
Iceland. The course Eric followed took him to the island he named Greenland.