When did the poem come into being?

Research tells us that Haavamaal was created in the Viking era. All the different parts that the poem is composed of bear the stamp of the pre-Christian era.

The Icelander Bj÷rn Jˇnasson points out that Haavamaal was "words of wisdom that served as spiritual nourishment for the Vikings on their long and arduous sea voyages." He says that "the words of wisdom give a clear picture of the Vikings attitudes toward and view of life."

- 14. august 2004 -