The Vikings in Normandy:

Place names
derived from the Old Norse words for landscape features and other descriptions

 
Old Norse root Meaning Scandinavian
and other examples
English example Norman example
apal apple tree Aebeltoft (Denmark) Appleby (Cumbria) Aptot (Eure)
bekkr stream Kalbaek (Denmark) Caldbeck (Cumbria) Caudebec (Seine-Mar.)
brei­r broad Brei­hatˇftir (Iceland) Braithwaite (Cumbria) Brestot (Eure)
brekka slope Laugarbrekka (Iceland) Breck (Lancs) Bricquebec (Manche)
b˙­ shelter B˙­ir (Iceland) Boothby (Cumbria, Lincs) Elbeuf (Seine-Mar.)
dalr valley Ravndal (Norway) Dalby (North Yks) and the river-named Dales throughout Yks, Derbyshire, Lancs, Cumbria, etc. Randal (Manche)
dj˙pr deep Dj˙pidalur (Iceland) Deepdale (Cumbria) Dieppedale (Seine-Mar.)
eski ash wood Essetofte (Denmark) Eastoft (Lincs) Ectot (Calvados, Manche)
f˙ll stinking, foul Fulby (Denmark) Fulbeck (Lincs) Foulbec (Eure)
gar­r garden or grass enclosure close to farmhouse Aeblegňrden Applegarth (Yks) Epegard (Eure)
gata way, street, passage Hulgade (Denmark) Holdgate (Lincs) Houlgate (Calvados)
haugr mound, low hill H°jtoft (Denmark) Hotoft (? Danelaw) Hottot (Calvados)
holm islet; dry place in a marshy area Innrihˇlmur (Iceland) Axeholme (Lincs) Robehomme (Calvados)
holr hole or low place Holbaek (Denmark) Holbeck (West Yks, North Yks) Houlbec (Manche, Eure)
h˙s house Stenhus (Denmark) Loftus (Cleveland) ╔tainhus (Seine-Mar.)
kaldr cold Kallekot (Norway) Caldbeck (Cumbria) Caudecotte (Seine-Mar.)
kirkja church Kirkeby (Denmark) Kirkby (West Yks) Carquebut (Manche)
klif cliff Klibo (Denmark) Cleethorpes (Lincs) Clitourps (Manche)
langr long Langatˇftir (Iceland) Langtoft (Lincs) Lanquetot (Seine-Mar.)
lundr grove Lund (Sweden) Lund (Yks) La Londe (Eure)
mikill big   Micklethwaite (West Yks) Miquetuit (Seine-Mar.)
ness cape, headland Akranes (Iceland) Kettleness (Yks) Nez de Jobourg (Manche)
sand sand Sandvik (Iceland) Sandtoft (Lincs) Sanvic (Seine-Mar.)
steinn stone Stenhus (Denmark) There are numerous English place names containing the element -stan, such as Stanmore, but generally these appear to derive from the Old English word for stone, rather than the Old Norse cognate. ╔tainhus (Seine-Mar.)
sund strait Haraldssun (Faroes) (No clear-cut examples of place names in England though some do occur elsewhere in the British Isles, e.g., Grunasound in Shetland, and the term occurs frequently where it indicates a sea strait. Sund de Chausey
■orn thorn, thorny place Thornby (Denmark) Thorby (Northants) Tournebu (Calvados)
■orp village,
small settlement
Torp (Denmark) Thorpe (Yorks), Danethorpe (Notts) Le Torps (Eure)
■vait cleared area Bregentved (Denmark) Southwaite (Cumbria) Bracquetuit (Seine-Mar.)
toft homestead Tˇftir (Faroes),
Ebeltoft (Denmark)
Toft (Lincs), Willitoft (East Riding) T˘tes (Seine-Mar.)
vik cove, creek KvÝvik (Faroes) vik as a place name element is difficult to detect in England as it tends to be obscured by occurrences of the Old English wic (= port, trading place, special place, as in Sandwich). Runswick (N. Yorks) may be an Old Norse example. However clear-cut Old Norse examples do occur in Scotland, e.g. Wick). Sanvic (Seine-Mar.)

Mainly extracted from :

bulletBoimare, J. & BoŰmare (1984) Heimdal (French periodical);  Bayeux, France.
bulletLepelley, R. (1993) Dictionnaire Útymologique des noms de communes de Normandie.  Charles Corlet; CondÚ-sur-Noireau, France.
bulletRenaud, J. (1989) Les Vikings et la Normandie.   Ouest-France;  Rennes, France.

- 14. august 2004 -